Austria’s ambassador to Greece Andrea Ikić-Böhm and honorary consul Evelyn Papadopoulou visited Cedefop on 27 June, just a few days before the start of the Austrian EU Presidency for the second half of 2018.
Dual apprenticeship training in Austria offers flexible training and ensures professional qualification for the young in about 200 apprenticeship occupations. It also safeguards skilled manpower for business, industry and trade.
A comprehensive analysis of the Austrian private university sector was published for the first time in mid-2017. This sector is relatively young in Austria – the first private university was accredited in 2000 – and comparatively small: there are currently only 13 such universities with a total of 10 200 students.
Austria traditionally places great emphasis on qualifications acquired in formal education: in school-based and dual programmes as well as at tertiary level. However, learning increasingly takes place outside the formal system, such as in the non-formal adult education context, at the work place, and in voluntary work. The dynamics of the labour market – triggered by technological changes and globalisation – require continued learning after completing formal education to extend and deepen knowledge and skills.
In mid-2017, the Austrian National Council adopted far-reaching measures for the education sector, including a special focus on the extension of school autonomy which also applies to VET schools.
Many EU companies complain about skilled labour shortage and unqualified job applicants. However, Member States have mainly focused to date on further developing initial vocational education and training. Higher VET has played a subordinate role in education policy, reflecting policy heterogeneity.
At the beginning of 2016 the Federal Act on the national qualifications framework entered into force in Austria. Following establishment of the bodies specified in the Act, qualification providers have been able to submit requests for NQF allocation since the beginning of 2017. Such requests can be submitted both for formal qualifications (with a legal basis) and so-called non-formal qualifications (those not regulated by law but for which a non-state education establishment is responsible).
Education and qualifications are essential to the successful integration of migrants. The information brochure Migration & integration – Focus: work and employment, supplies facts and figures on education, employment, unemployment and qualifications of people with a migration or refugee background. Extracts are presented below.
Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship are among the eight key competences for lifelong learning which are listed in an EU recommendation from 2006. In Austria, self-employment is an attractive option for many, though it does not have the status that might be expected. To increase self-employment in Austria, the Ministry of Economy and the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber, with support from the Ministry of Education, launched the nationwide project Female entrepreneurs visit schools in September 2017. The project aims to show young people how exciting and interesting self-employment can be.