Worker and employer survey reveals that building and construction have a strong connection to the labour market leading to permanent employment. Health care, childhood and youth development meet the overall needs of the labour market, but lead more often to part-time, temporary, and on-call jobs.
The first evaluation of the three-year apprenticeship pilot carried out in 2018 showed that 30 out of 32 companies plan on taking on the apprentice. Most apprentices were satisfied and would choose the same path again.
The SKILLCO Erasmus+ international construction project 2017-20 was successfully completed with 923 individuals participating in the pilot training sessions for four previously identified as missing sectoral skills in three partner countries (Slovenia, Germany and Hungary). The project also resulted in the development of the SKILLgApp mobile application with SkillCO teaching materials to assist learners in training.
Slovenia has developed new continuing vocational education and training (CVET) programmes for employed graduates (SQF 4, 5 and 6) to meet employers’ needs for skills and competences. The employers expressed their needs and vision for the future. VET schools and the Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for VET (CPI) are subsequently carrying out the programme development.
Introduction of a regulatory framework for exchange organisations to assure the quality of host homes, safety and support of pupils, and to inspire more young people to go on exchanges and help them make the most of their experience abroad.
Nation-wide campaigns promote enrolment in IVET programmes
In July 2019, the Agency for VET and Adult Education (ASOO) and the economy ministry (MINGO) launched nation-wide campaigns for the promotion of VET during the main enrolment period in upper secondary education. The enrolment data indicate increased share of students in initial VET, showing that VET is becoming the first choice of many students, including high achievers.
The Finnish vocational education and training (VET) is competence-based, customer-oriented and accessible to all. It supports continuing learning and is designed to meet labour market and learner needs, including adults. VET is flexible and individualised: a personal competence development plan is drawn up for each learner. It recognises learners’ existing skills, outlines what competences are still required for a qualification and explains how to acquire them. Learners may acquire full qualifications or individual parts, and even combine parts of different qualifications.
In January, an innovative cooperation project between Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania was concluded. The TTT4WBL project focused on a novel research-based approach in work-based learning (WBL) – tandem training – for the joint training of Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian VET teachers and company trainers involved in work-based learning (in the project, they are both called WBL tutors).
Croatia has a strong vocational education and training (VET) tradition. Participation at upper secondary level is one of the highest in the EU and the share of early leaving from education and training is the lowest in the Union.