One of the challenges in the Austrian apprenticeship training system is to make it attractive for upper secondary school graduates. In the province of Upper Austria, a new concept was piloted in the school year 2018-19 to that effect: the dual academy. After the first positive experiences of the last year, the concept is now being rolled out in other provinces and expanded to include additional qualification options.
Promoting innovative teaching and learning is the order of the day at a time of rapid technological developments and a changing world of work and professional life. MINT disciplines are at the centre of these developments. In June 2019, 120 education institutions were awarded the MINT quality seal.
A total of 1.8 million workers need to improve their competences or change jobs over the next 11 years.
The Qualifications and VET Development Centre together with the Kaunas Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Crafts and the VET schools association, as well as the relevant Latvian and Estonian institutions, are testing new approaches to training VET and workplace tutors for work-based learning (TTT4WBL - 2017-20).
The newly approved mid-term strategy (VET 4.0) for the renewal of vocational education and training and adult education programmes is the policy answer to the challenges of the 4th Industrial Revolution.
Raising the attractiveness of vocational education and training is high on the national policy agenda. Priority is given to support schools’ capacity to train young people and adults for new skills needed in local economies. The 21st century VET school development programme is a mid-term nationwide initiative to renew all State-owned VET institutions, to respond to the challenges posed by digitalisation and 4.0 technologies.
The ‘Trades and qualifications campus’ label (Campus des métiers et des qualifications – CMQ) brings together secondary and higher education VET institutions, research centres and companies. To realise the label’s aspirations, its requirements have now been revised and a new ‘Excellence campus’ category created.
The 12 institutes of technology (IoTs) will specialise in UK level 4 and 5 (EQF level 5) technical training in STEM subjects, including digital skills, advanced manufacturing and engineering. These institutes are designed as collaborative ventures between universities, further education colleges and employers. Leading employers including Airbus, GE Aviation, the Met Office, Microsoft, Nissan and Siemens are set to take part and will be involved in the design and delivery of the curricula, as well as the leadership and governance of the institutes. Employers will also provide seconded staff, programme equipment and additional investment.
More than half (56.2%) of secondary education learners in Romania are enrolled in vocational education and training (VET).
Demand of vocational training upon completing primary/lower secondary school (folkeskole) has risen for the third consecutive year. Despite a fall, however, general upper secondary education remains the most popular choice among learners in classes 9 and 10.