A decline in attractiveness of secondary IVET studies and dissatisfaction of employers with graduate supply has led to a radical, yet disputed intervention by the government. Stricter rules for secondary school admission were approved by the parliament by an amendment to the Act on VET. A grade point average in grade 8 and the first half of grade 9 of lower secondary school was introduced as a regulating indicator valid from the 2014/15 school year.
In September 2012, the unemployment rate in the Czech Republic increased to 8.4% (almost half a million persons). Nevertheless, many employers find it difficult to recruit skilled workers. Currently, internships are what companies most frequently expect to find in CVs of fresh graduates. A new project ‘Internships in companies – Education through practice’ offers a chance to meet this requirement.
In accordance with implementation of the project ‘Development and implementation of an information system for workforce competence assessment by sectors and region and with the cooperation of leading human resources consultants’, the Bulgarian industrial association’s chamber (a nationally represented employers’ organisation) has developed the prototypes of the first seven sector competence models.
The number of young people enrolled in two-year short and three-year vocational upper secondary education fell sharply during the period from 2000/01 to 2011/12 ( ). The total number of young people enrolled in upper secondary education decreased by 23.8% and totalled 79 901 in 2011/12. The decline is due to demographic changes.