Romania is participating in the Learning by doing project, where the main objective is to improve the capacities of VET actors. This will be done through reinforcing regional, national and transnational partnerships to strengthen existing VET systems and support their development in the Danube region countries. The project started in January 2016 and will last for 30 months to the end of June 2019.
MEPs Anne Sander, Siôn Simon and Emilian Pavel, members of the European Parliament’s Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL), visited Cedefop on 12 and 13 February and had a fruitful exchange of views with management and staff.
The potential impact of work-based learning (WBL) in developing those VET student skills and competences needed by the world of work is strongly acknowledged; it is high in the Riga conclusions agenda for 2015-20.
Romania’s vocational educational and training (VET) system has gone through continual reforms to match society’s needs better. In initial VET (IVET) these needs refer mainly to (a) adjusting training offer to the labour market, and (b) increasing social partner and employer participation and accountability.
The new structure of the training standards is correlated with occupations that could be performed by IVET graduates and will be the basis for the qualification certificate supplement. It will also constitute the building bricks of the national qualifications register.
In the analyses in Romanian pre-university education system from the perspective of statistical indicators: evidence based policies, the Institute of Education Sciences synthesised and elaborated statistical data on the Romanian pre-university education system.
Job orientation: training in businesses and schools (JOBS) combines two elements: labour market and schooling in the last years of lower secondary education, and the first years of technical high school or vocational education. Students are prepared for choosing their further educational career, receive general information about professional opportunities, and get the chance to acquire life skills, which are useful in any future career.
In June, the Ministry of Labour launched two strategic initiatives to provide vocational education and training, including apprenticeship and labour market/career guidance for a total of 5 000 youngsters around the country.
Only around 100 apprenticeship contracts were concluded in Romania in 2012 ‒ a negligible number. It shows that this form of training, which could play an important role in increasing participation of youngsters in vocational education and the labour market, has yet to become popular with Romanian employers. Causes have been multiple to date, among which the frequent changes to the Apprenticeship Act, a piece of legislation most employers have deemed restrictive, creating a host of obligations while offering little support to those willing to take apprentices on board.