The Finnish national agency for education report highlighted that 11.4% of IVET students do not complete their initial undergraduate degree. The share of learners leaving their studies early has risen by 2.8% since the academic year 2013/14. The student's age, gender, language background and field of study were found to affect the completion of the qualification. However, about 25% of the cases of discontinuing IVET programmes are explained by transition to other studies.
Amisbarometri, the VET student survey, was published at the end of 2017. It is the most comprehensive national survey, including all Finnish vocational students enrolled in Finnish vocational institutions. It carried out for the first time in 2015 and is repeated every second year. The data from the survey are the most extensive so far as it strives to include all students studying a curriculum-based vocational programme in a Finnish VET institution.
At the end of June 2017, the Finnish Parliament approved new legislation for vocational education and training. The reform is the most extensive in education legislation in almost twenty years. The new act will enter into force on 1 January 2018.
In recent years, the number of foreign-language students in vocational education whose mother tongue is other than Finnish, Swedish or Sámi has increased considerably. Even as enrolment in general upper secondary education has grown, foreign-language students have been choosing vocational education more often.
All applicants for secondary education (ISCED 3) in Finland use a joint application system. In the spring of 2017, 54% of candidates applied to vocational education and training (VET) programmes and 46% to general programmes in upper secondary education. In recent years, VET applications have slightly decreased (56% in 2016). Approximately 39 700 applicants applied for VET, 3 360 applicants fewer than the previous year. The available number of starting places in vocational education and training is 43 900, of which 1 900 is in Swedish-language training.
Skills Finland and its partners train the Finnish national team for the international WorldSkills, EuroSkills and Abilympics competitions. They also organise the annual national Taitaja, TaitajaPLUS and Taitaja9 competitions.
Reform of vocational upper secondary education will update all vocational education and training (VET) by 2018.
Employers value VET in Finland, although many of them feel that it is generally undervalued, says a study by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Vocational and education training (VET) reform in Finland (foreseen to be implemented in 2018) meets the demands of future skills and unifies VET steering and financing systems. The reform aims to strengthen the role of VET in society and support students’ growth holistically into well-rounded and balanced individuals, providing them with the knowledge and skills needed for further studies.