European and national policies on Vocational Education and Training (VET) need to be informed by sound and internationally comparable statistical evidence. The VET country statistical overviews are concise, descriptive and user friendly statistical reports. For each country, they quantify and compare key aspects of VET and lifelong learning. The selection is based on the indicators' policy relevance and their importance in achieving the Europe 2020 objectives.
VET indicators for the Austria for the last available year
Index numbers (EU=100)
NB: The index numbers are derived from data summarised in the table. Data in the table have been rounded to one or two decimal places. The calculation of index numbers is instead based on not rounded data.
Austria’s performance on a range of indicators selected to monitor progress in VET and lifelong learning across the European Union (EU) is summarised below. The chart compares the situation in Austria with that of the EU, based on the most recent data available (this differs by indicator). Data in the chart are presented as an index where the EU average equals 100. If the index for a selected indicator for Austria is 100, then its performance equals the EU average. If the index is 90, its performance is 90% of (or 10% below) the EU average. If the index is 200, Austria’s performance is twice (or 200%) the EU average. For some indicators, such as early leavers from education and training, a country is performing better if its score is below that of the EU average.
Data on which the index is calculated are presented in the table, which also shows developments over time. A technical definition of each indicator is provided in the annex.
Access, attractiveness and flexibility
Levels of participation in IVET and lifelong learning are high in Austria. The share of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes (69.5%) is well above the corresponding EU average (47.3%) (data for 2015).
Data for 2016 show that Austria has a relatively high share of its adult population participating in lifelong learning (14.9% compared with 10.8% in the EU), even more so for the unemployed (16.3% versus 9.6% for the EU as a whole).
Employers are more likely to report the provision of training (87% of employers do so, compared to 66% in the EU; based on 2010 CVTS data). In contrast, the shares of employees participating in employer-sponsored CVT courses (33% compared with 38% percent in the EU) and on-the-job training (12% compared with 20%) are both lower than in the EU as a whole (based on 2010 CVTS data).
Skill development and labour market relevance
Indicators of skill development and labour market relevance of VET in Austria tend to show higher levels than the corresponding EU averages. Public expenditure on IVET at ISCED 3-4 accounted for 0.70% of GDP, higher than in the EU (0.54%) (data for 2014). Austria also has a relatively high percentage of innovative enterprises providing supportive training in the workplace (55.8% compared with 44.8% in the EU, based on data for 2014).
The employment rate for IVET graduates (aged 20-34) at ISCED levels 3-4 (87.0%) is higher than the EU average (78.1. Their employment rate is 6.1 percentage points higher than for graduates from general education (slightly above the corresponding EU average premium of 5.7) and 29.9 percentage points higher than for graduates with lower-level qualifications (also above the EU average premium of 23.4). All these employment figures relate to 2016 and exclude young people in further education and training.
Overall transitions and labour market trends
In this section all data refer to 2016 unless otherwise stated.
The data indicate a favourable situation concerning educational attainment and the labour market in Austria. The share of early leavers from education and training (6.9%) is lower than the EU average (10.7%). This percentage is below both the Europe 2020 average target (10%) and the national target (9.5%). The share of 30 to 34 year-olds who have completed tertiary education is 40.1% in Austria, a little above the share in the EU (39.1%).
The NEET rate (9.4%) and the unemployment rate of 20 to 34 year-olds (7.5%) are below the averages for the EU (15.2% and 11.8% respectively). The employment rate for 20 to 64 year-olds (74.8%) and that of recent graduates (87.6%) are both relatively high compared with the EU (71.0% and 78.2% respectively). The share of adults with a low level of educational attainment is relatively small (15.5% in Austria, 23.0% in the EU). The employment rate of 20 to 64 year-olds with a low level of educational attainment is (at 53.9%) very near the rate in the EU (53.6%).
Score on VET indicators in Austria and in the EU, 2010,
last available year and recent change
EU refers to EU-28, unless otherwise specified. Arrows ↗ or ↘ signal a positive or negative change. Arrow → indicates: no change.
(A) UOE back reconstruction of 2010 values based on ISCED 2011 not yet available. (B) AES 2011, used as proxy for 2010 baseline. (C) 2014 b flags in Eurostat online tables ignored on the basis of other relevant Eurostat metadata. (D) Forecast made in 2016. (E1) Based on 28 countries, with partial information for NL. (E2) Based on 28 countries, with partial information for EL, ES, NL, PL, RO. (E3) Based on 28 countries, with partial information for IT, NL. (E4) Based on 23 countries (missing: DK, EL, HR, IT, PT), with partial information for IE and FR. (E5) Based on 23 countries (missing: DK, EL, HR, IT, PT), with partial information for IE and FR. (E6) Based on 28 countries, with partial information for DK, EL, NL. (E7) Based on 25 countries (missing: HR, IT, UK), with partial information for BE, CZ, DK, DE, EE, EL, LU, NL, PL, SE. (E8) Based on 25 countries (missing: IE, FR, UK), with partial information for BE, EL, LU. (E9) Based on 26 countries (missing: IE, UK), with partial information for DK, DE. (E10) Based on 28 countries. (b) Break after 2010, therefore baseline data not included. (u) Eurostat: ‘low reliability’. (z) Eurostat: ‘not applicable’. (e) Eurostat: ‘estimated’.