With returning economic growth in recent years, companies in the Czech Republic have been facing a shortage of skilled labour. Labour supply does not match demand on the labour market and the practical skills of graduates entering the labour market are often insufficient.
The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT) has prepared its reform of regional education funding, which is currently waiting the approval by the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The reform applies to schools governed by regions and municipalities (more than 90% of primary schools, 70% of secondary schools ()), including public VET schools. The reform does not apply to the funding of private and church schools.
() Source: MŠMT: Statistical Yearbook of Education 2015/2016
In cooperation with its partners, and with the support of the Prime Minister, the Confederation of Industry of the Czech Republic (SP ČR) declared 2015 the Year of industry and technical education. Outcomes include systemic changes, sectoral agreements in selected industries, and more than 400 events.
The online platform www.koopolis.cz collects and presents high quality, up-to-date information on continuing education. Subtitled Education under one roof, the website is intended for all professionals in continuing education, from public administration, employment services and other educators to employers and NGOs.
Efficient use of digital technologies is becoming one of the major success factors for both individuals and societies. In July 2015, a new Digital literacy strategy for the period 2015-20 was adopted by the Czech government.
The Czech Republic has one of the highest shares of industry in the EU, so technical and science education is of crucial importance. However, the Czech Republic has been experiencing a long-term trend of deviation from science and technical studies towards general fields of study, especially among highly gifted students. As a consequence, industrial enterprises are facing reduced availability of skilled workforce.
In recent years, need for a shared up-to-date national vision of education has been growing in the Czech Republic. Existing strategic documents were insufficient and the national programme for development of education in Czech Republic (the ’white paper’) was adopted in 2001. Since then, the technological, economic and political context in which learning takes place, has undergone substantial changes, so that the Ministry of Education initiated preparations for a new comprehensive educational strategy.
In 2013, in accordance with the national action plan the Czech government adopted a policy with new measures fostering vocational education and training (VET). It defines main steps to improve quality and participation in VET.
The Czech Republic, as well as the entire European Union, is confronted with a lack of employment opportunities for young people. Most companies do not want to recruit graduates due to lack of practical experience. The internships for young job-seekers project provides an opportunity for young graduates to gain working experience and thus increases employability and competitiveness of future graduates on the labour market. The project also aims to promote contacts between employers and potential employees.