Portugal has developed the Exit profile of students leaving compulsory education (Order -Despacho No 6478/2017, de 26 de Julho). This profile is a frame of reference based on specific principles: freedom of choice, responsibility, work appraisal, self-awareness, family, community and social inclusion. A new decree-law (Decreto-lei No 55/2018, de 6 de Julho), issued by the education and labour ministries, relates explicitly the exit profile of students leaving compulsory education with the following VET programmes: professional, art education, and education and training programmes for young people.
Sweden has launched a new vocational qualification test, intending to match vocational education and labour market needs better, to support collaboration between schools and working life, and to try to identify what kind of job a certain vocational programme prepares for.
The new academic school year 2018/19 started in August and young people could choose among 326 recognised occupations in the dual VET system at EQF level 4. These qualifications include 24 updated and one newly developed qualification, the ‘merchant in e-commerce’ (Kaufmann/Kauffrau in E-Commerce), reflecting an increased change of skills needed in the German economy.
The Taking teaching further programme has been launched to increase the number of industry professionals practising as teachers and trainers in colleges in England.
At the beginning of the school year 2017/18, there were 2 611 learners in dual VET, of whom 1 252 were in the first grade (3% of learners entering upper secondary education), 953 in the second, and 406 in the third. Based on these figures, raising the attractiveness of dual VET may prove challenging.
In the scope of a P-KAP: the support of action planning project 2016-20, a survey will be conducted in October and November 2018 among all upper secondary vocational schools and tertiary professional schools (more than 1300 schools in total). The goal is to understand the needs of the schools, particularly those related to achieving nationally defined priorities.
The recently appointed ministers of education and vocational training and of labour, migration and social security have presented their respective departments’ plans of action before Congress.
In a recent letter to parliament, Minister for Education, Culture and Science Ingrid van Engelshoven shared her political vision of internationalisation of senior secondary VET and higher education. She advocated that internationalisation should become an objective of each vocational education and training (VET) programme and institution. Since 2017, one of the aims of the Confidence in the future coalition agreement has been to stimulate international mobility.