In Germany, some 300 000 entrepreneurs take the plunge into self-employment each year. Start-ups are of vast significance for the economy: not only do they create new jobs, they also drive competitiveness and innovation in a social market economy.
Education plays a central role in integrating refugees. More than half of the refugees arriving in Germany are younger than 25, an age when education is most needed. Many have gained a university entrance qualification in their home country, or had commenced or completed a degree programme there. With funding from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) has developed a set of targeted measures to enable universities to offer those refugees with sufficient academic qualification access to higher general and higher vocational education.
The Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands (SER) has published a report on VET, which emphasises the importance of intensifying cooperation between schools and enterprises. The aim is to be responsive to, and able to keep up with, the pace of innovation.
One of the EU’s headline targets is increasing the number of tertiary graduates, focusing mainly on academic studies. The project Work-based learning programmes in the tertiary training sector - an international comparative analysis of models and functions published its results at the end of 2017, pointing out that this approach is too narrow. The growing importance of work-based learning programmes in tertiary education and training needs to be taken more into consideration.
Around 77.3% of the country’s companies offered some kind of training activity to their workers in 2015, an increase from 65% in 2010. The share of workers who attended a training course also rose from 45.4% in 2010 to 52.2% in 2015. These are the results of the continuing vocational training survey carried out every five years by the Ministry of Employment and Social Security among enterprises with five or more employees.
In 2017 the Early School Leavers Unit (ESLU) published ‘A Study Focusing on Students dropping out from Post-Secondary Education in Malta in the Scholastic Year 2015-16’.
The Portuguese Government launched the Youth pass certificate in November 2017. This is a recognition and validation instrument for competences acquired by young people via non-formal education; it is also a personalised free-of-charge certificate that, over time, can be updated with new competences.
The Portuguese Directorate-General for Employment and Labour Relations (DGERT) and the ReferNet team had a meeting with representatives of VET-related national entities on 12 December 2017 at the premises of the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security. The aim of the meeting was to establish a network of ReferNet Portugal and national entities to cooperate in carrying out the ReferNet’s 2018 work plan.
State of art 2016, a document on VET and employment for those with disabilities, was presented in public on 2 June 2017 at the Institute for Employment and Vocational Training (IEFP). The event was attended by 42 VET providers from all over the country.