Traditionally, vocational education and training (VET) has been a strong pillar of the Slovak education system. Despite growing interest in general education, participation in secondary VET is still among the highest in the EU.
While VET programmes offering access to higher education remain attractive, the share of learners completing programmes without this option has declined sharply. The resulting low supply of skilled workers and craftsmen triggered new legislation in 2015 introducing a 'dual' type of initial VET.
With a growing share of social sciences and humanities graduates, labour market mismatches are also visible at tertiary level. Employers consider this risky for industry and the open export driven Slovak economy as a whole.