Event rationale and objectives
The economic downturn has led to a marked increase in long-term unemployment (LTU). In 2015 there were almost 4 million more European citizens out of work for more than one year compared to 2007. Although recently employment growth has somewhat improved, in 2015 nearly half of the jobless in the EU were long-term unemployed, affecting almost 11 million people (4.5% of the active EU population). Close to two-thirds of them (6.8 million) have been out of work for more than two years (so-called very long-term unemployed, VLTU).
Addressing long-term unemployment is one of the key challenges of the EU’s jobs and growth agenda, as its persistence and higher risk of skills deterioration are barriers to labour market integration and lead to social exclusion. The recent Council recommendation on the labour market integration of the long-term unemployed and the European Commission’s New Skills Agenda for Europe call for a multi-faceted strategy that combines macroeconomic policy with better activation and skills policies. Such policies should include better skills profiling and validation, identification of skill needs in the local economy and targeted training combined with individualized career guidance and counselling. They depart from ‘work-first’ approaches to activation.
The aim of the policy learning forum is to inform approaches to VET within activation measures that put skill matching centre stage. The forum will seek to ‘put policy into practice’ by moving beyond theory and empirical analysis and towards a deeper understanding of features, mechanisms and triggers underpinning effectiveness of innovative examples from across the EU. The PLF will serve as a platform for debate and mutual learning for key stakeholders involved in the design and delivery of VET and skill matching programs as part of activation policies.
Methodology of the policy learning form
Following a similar format with other successful PLF’s undertaken by Cedefop, the PLF on ‘Skills matching policies for the long-term unemployed’ will require active participation from all participants:
- All participants will need to submit a short written input summarising features of vocational training measures for the long term unemployed in their organisation or country and lessons learned from practice;
- Case-study presenters will be asked to deliver more in-depth information to Cedefop to be used for short (1 page) schematic summaries of the initiatives they present at the forum;
- During the forum participants are expected to actively contribute to the debate and exchange experience.
The PLF will build on Cedefop’s recent publication on ‘Tackling unemployment while addressing skill mismatch: Lessons from policy and practice in EU countries’