Luxembourg’s vocational education and training (VET) is highly differentiated. Apprenticeships and school-based VET coexist. While some features may seem similar to those in other countries, taking a closer look is important to understand national concepts and terms.
Luxembourg’s education and training system reflects its geographic and socioeconomic context: its small size, the close ties with its neighbours, its multilingual nature and high share of foreign nationals, and the well-established cooperation with social partners. Recently implemented reform has strengthened the links to the labour market and brought about a shift towards competence-based and modular vocational programmes. The implementation of this reform has also revealed weaknesses in the system; evaluation of the reform will provide stakeholders with evidence of a need for further changes.
By providing an insight into its main features and highlighting related policy developments and challenges, this short description contributes to better understanding of VET in Luxembourg.