In response to the diversity of qualifications and fragmentation of the national system, Italy is creating a unified national qualifications repertory.
The reform of the labour market (via the Jobs Act) in Italy redefined, through Legislative Decree 150/2015, the laws on employment services and active labour market policies, as well as initiatives promoting employment and employability.
On 16 November 2017, the Youth Board of Cyprus presented two programmes aiming to activate young people and to promote and develop entrepreneurship. Both are included in the National action plan for youth employment and are jointly funded by the European Social Fund.
The Human Resource Development Authority of Cyprus (HRDA) has recently completed a research study providing forecasts of employment needs in the national economy for a 10-year period.
Online job vacancies (OJV) form an easily accessible source of data on skills demand by employers, thanks to advances in web crawling technologies, machine learning and big data techniques.
At a meeting of the Section for Employment, Social Affairs and Citizenship of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) in Brussels on 25 January, Cedefop Director James Calleja outlined the priorities of the 2018 work programme and gave a review of the previous year.
Cedefop Director James Calleja spoke about the developments in higher education and vocational education and training (VET) at European level at the first Coimbra Group high-level workshop on lifelong learning and employability in Brussels on 24 January.
The Portuguese Government is currently focused on ensuring the continuity of its lifelong learning policies and upgrading the quality of learning processes and outcomes. Having adult education and training as a central pillar of the qualifications system is a national priority.
Portugal has designed an integrated strategy that aims at identifying and supporting NEETs (young people not in employment, education or training) who are not registered in the public employment service. In doing this, the government had the support of the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Cedefop launched a skills governance review in Estonia on 29 January. National stakeholders came together in Tallinn to learn about the project and discuss possible priorities it can address.
Apprenticeship programmes are a distinctive characteristic of quality in vocational education and training. This is the view of the Institute for Employment and Vocational Training (IEFP, Instituto do Emprego e Formação Profissional) which organised the conference Valuing apprenticeship on 9 November 2016, in Ovar at the facilities of Toyota Caetano Portugal, S.A
Lifelong learning (LLL) should play a role in sustainable development. That was the common view of different VET interests at the second meeting of the LLL week (Encontro da II Semana Aprender ao Longo da Vida) I, held on November 18, at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, in Lisbon.
Admário Ferreira, a trainee at the National Association of Automobile Industry (CEPRA), had an excellent competition and won a silver medal in the automobile mechatronics category at EuroSkills 2016, held in Gothenburg.
The Budapest Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI) is leading a strategic project (Learning by doing, 2017-19) to develop and modernise vocational education and training (VET) systems and dual VET. The project operates in the framework of the Danube transnational programme; it aims to increase the capacity of institutional actors defining VET systems in the Danube Region and reinforce national and transnational partnerships.
A new skills diagnosis mechanism has been operating in Greece since the first semester of 2016. It addresses the need for updated, concrete and regular skills trend information, especially as an input for designing VET and employment policies. Its introduction is based on Law 4368/2016 provisions (February 2016) for a permanent, functional and credible mechanism; a joint Ministerial Decision (24013/410 of May 2016) provides for the introduction and operation of a relevant network and the supporting information system.
Interest in post-secondary VET has recently increased, as indicated by the number of enrolments in public vocational training institutes (IEK). More specifically, the number of applicants for enrolment in the first semester of 2017/18 was 22 000, with enrolled students reaching 20 000, an increase of more than 3 000.
The education ministry has set up three committees to support policymaking, monitor current reforms and improve links between education and the labour market.
Since 2016 the Greek Government has been putting in place a series of important reforms to link VET better with the labour market. A new apprenticeship programme, the Post-secondary year - apprenticeship class, has been launched in line with current European practices.
Nearly 6% of all Dutch VET students study abroad as part of their programme. This was revealed in figures on student mobility in senior secondary vocational education and training, published by EP-Nuffic and the Cooperation Organisation for Vocational Education, Training and the Labour Market (SBB) in September 2016. The percentage of VET students going abroad is much higher than previously assumed.
Education and qualifications are essential to the successful integration of migrants. The information brochure Migration & integration – Focus: work and employment, supplies facts and figures on education, employment, unemployment and qualifications of people with a migration or refugee background. Extracts are presented below.