The initiative to reintroduce apprenticeship into the education system was included in the Social agreement in 2015 in accordance with the Coalition agreement.
In recent years, many EU countries have recognised apprenticeship as a valuable element of vocational education and training (VET). The Apprenticeship Act (2017) and the Guidelines for the preparation of the upper secondary VET programmes define the umbrella elements for the newly established apprenticeship path in Slovenian VET.
A unique agreement for regulating wages in Sweden has been reached between unions and employers (IFK Metall and Teknikföretagen, Kommunal and SKL/Pacta). Young people who are trained in school and in a work place will receive a salary during their three years on the scheme. The employer pays the salary; the school is responsible for the education and the National Agency for Education gives support and is in charge of the project.
An absence limit in upper secondary school was introduced in 2016-17. To receive their grades, learners’ absence per subject should not exceed 10%; in special cases, the school principal may adjust the limit to 15%. The absence limit applies to undocumented absence, not that due to documented illness, organisational work, or political assignment.
In 2017, the government decided on two measures that will extend the right to upper secondary education. Young people who leave education and training early were given a new right to continue their education, and more immigrants are entitled to attend upper secondary education.
Norway is in great need of skilled workers and makes efforts to encourage more people to choose vocational education and training (VET). This year more than 8 300 learners will choose to switch from their VET programme to a programme that prepares them for entrance to higher education.
Is Dutch senior secondary vocational education (middelbaar beroepsonderwijs - mbo) able to respond to rapid labour market changes? And are VET students well-equipped for a good start and lifelong sustainable employability? The report A calling for vocational training (Beroep op het mbo) published in autumn 2017 by the Institute for Social Research (SCP), presents the views of teachers, managers, intermediaries and learners on the responsiveness and flexibility of mbo.
The Ministry of Economy, since March 2017, has provided companies with ample opportunities to invest quickly and easily in employee training, supporting employees to adapt faster to changing needs of the labour market.
In March 2017, the Irish Government launched a public consultation on a proposed exchequer-employer investment mechanism for education and training interventions in post-secondary education in Ireland. The consultation will examine the feasibility of an increase in the National Training Fund levy from 0.7% to1% by 2020, delivering up to €200 million in additional funding for education and training in the workplace from employers.
Ireland intends to increase the number of learners who undertake work-based learning through the traineeship model.
Following on from the goals and objectives set out in Ireland’s National Skills Strategy (2016) and the Action Plan for Education (2016), the Government announced a call for new apprenticeship proposals on May 8th 2017.
Cedefop will present its new European skills forecast up to 2030 at a high-level event on 8 June in Brussels.
Government goals include lowering unemployment rates, counteracting a shortage of qualified labour and integrating newly arrived immigrants. Although the ambition is that all young people in Sweden should complete upper secondary education and obtain a full qualification, the government has also options for partial qualifications in adult IVET.
Futurália, the largest education, training and employability exhibition in the country, was held in Lisbon from 14 to 17 March 2018.
The Federal Institute for VET (BIBB), Germany’s centre of excellence for vocational research and for the progressive development of VET, conducts many research projects. Information on these projects is accessible through their BIBB project database as well as in the Annual research programme of the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training which is already available for 2018.
As from the next academic year (2018-19), Flemish secondary education students will have the opportunity to do a week-long taster exercise in a company, experiencing or observing work-based learning in a real setting. Initiated by the Flemish education minister, Hilde Crevits, and the labour minister, Philippe Muyters, this measure gives participating students a better idea of dual education programmes and is a step towards more efficient career orientation.
Dual apprenticeship training in Austria offers flexible training and ensures professional qualification for the young in about 200 apprenticeship occupations. It also safeguards skilled manpower for business, industry and trade.