The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT) has prepared its reform of regional education funding, which is currently waiting the approval by the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The reform applies to schools governed by regions and municipalities (more than 90% of primary schools, 70% of secondary schools ()), including public VET schools. The reform does not apply to the funding of private and church schools.
() Source: MŠMT: Statistical Yearbook of Education 2015/2016
Young Danish athletes in swimming or handball choose mainstream secondary education rather than vocational training. The reason is probably to be found in the fact that secondary education has a more extensive system of special programmes for approved Team Denmark students (elite athletes) than vocational training. They give Team Denmark students more flexibility and time to practice sport.
Lithuania has one of the lowest lifelong learning indicators in Europe: statistics for 2015 show that only 5.8% of adults aged 25-64 participated in education and training. Despite European and national financial support, participation in adult learning remains low. Measures for improving the situation are planned in the Programme for strengthening non-formal adult education and continuing training for 2016-23, a policy document adopted by the Ministry of Education and Science in April 2016.
In September 2016 the Government of the Republic of Croatia adopted the VET system development programme 2016-20. This was developed by the Croatian Ministry of Science and Education and the Agency for Vocational Education and Training and Adult Education, with support from key national stakeholders.
CléA is the first national, inter-professional certificate attesting to proficiency in basic knowledge and vocational skills. Since its operational launch in November 2015, it has been in high demand among people with few or no qualifications who are looking to have their basic knowledge and skills validated.
In 2016 Denmark organised two conferences with participants from the Nordic countries. These events focused on common Nordic challenges in vocational education and training (VET) and sought deeper understanding of the similarities, differences and current issues concerning both researchers and VET teachers.
As of September 2016, a new financial incentive has been introduced for 16 to 18 year-olds, who have left school early. Beneficiaries will be given an allowance on condition that they go back to their studies. This new measure is in addition to a host of others deployed to fight dropping out of education.
Globalisation and technological changes are bringing about new trends in the labour market and challenges for policy-makers, businesses and workers. Anticipating skill needs and being prepared to meet them effectively is one of the leitmotifs of the political agenda.
The Activation programme for employment (Programa de Activación para el Empleo - PAE), agreed between the government and the social partners in December 2014, aims to improve employability of the long-term unemployed in a situation of special need.
The percentage of young Spaniards between 15 and 29 not in education, employment, or training (NEETs) has decreased. According to OECD’s Education at a glance 2016, there has been a reduction from the peak 25.7%, reached in 2012, to 19.4% in 2015. Although figures indicate a clear improvement, the number of NEETs in Spain is the fourth highest among OECD countries and well above the average rate of 14.5%. This shows that there is still much work to do to increase the number of young people entering the labour market or taking up training.