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Financing adult learning


Cedefop’s database on financing adult learning provides information on design and performance of cost-sharing schemes implemented in EU countries to increase participation and private investment in adult learning.

Countries covered: EU Member States (except Croatia)

Types of instrument: training funds, tax incentives, grants, vouchers/individual learning accounts, loans, training leave, payback clauses (see glossary).

Reference period: 2010-13. The database may include schemes which are no longer in place but operated for some time in 2010-13.

Source of funding:the database covers the schemes where at least two parties contribute to the costs (governments - including EU funding, companies/employers, and individuals/employees).

Eligible group: those aged 25 and above.

Type of education and training: formal and non-formal education and training for adults.

Click here for further information on the scope of the database.

To develop database further, Cedefop will complement and update the information periodically and seek to improve presentation and search functions.

Overview of cost-sharing schemes

  training fund tax incentive for companies tax incentive for individuals grant for companies grant for individuals/voucher/individual learning account loan saving scheme training leave payback clause
Austria   Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Belgium Yes     Yes Yes     Yes  
Bulgaria       Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Cyprus Yes Yes   Yes       Yes  
Czech Republic   Yes Yes Yes       Yes Yes
Denmark Yes       Yes Yes   Yes  
Estonia   Yes Yes Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Finland   Yes Yes   Yes Yes      
France Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Germany Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes  
Greece Yes     Yes   Yes      
Hungary Yes     Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes
Ireland Yes Yes Yes            
Italy Yes     Yes Yes Yes   Yes  
Latvia   Yes Yes     Yes   Yes  
Lithuania   Yes Yes Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Luxembourg Yes     Yes Yes Yes   Yes Yes
Malta     Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes  
Netherlands Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Poland       Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Portugal     Yes Yes   Yes   Yes  
Romania   Yes   Yes       Yes Yes
Slovakia   Yes Yes Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Slovenia Yes     Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Spain Yes         Yes   Yes  
Sweden           Yes   Yes  
United Kingdom Yes Yes Yes Yes   Yes   Yes